Types of Construction

The construction industry is made up of three types of construction: building construction, heavy or civil construction and industrial construction. Find out what differentiates these construction types from one another.

The construction industry is one of the largest industries in the United States. Construction jobs range from designing and building to maintaining and governing the project. A variety of workers are assigned to perform different jobs simultaneously in assembling infrastructures and completing a building. There are three types of construction that make up the construction industry. These are building construction, heavy or civil construction and industrial construction.

Types of Construction

Building Construction

This type of construction is one of the most popular and is familiar to most people. It is commonly defined as a process of adding a structure to a property, such as a land owner building a house on his land. However, it is not exclusive to constructing entire buildings as small renovations also fall under this type of construction. Common examples of these are bathroom renovations, room additions, updating rooms or houses for energy efficiency and even updating houses to be more high-end.

In building construction, property owners commonly do not hire contractors but rather construction companies or crews. It must be understood, however, if the property owner is not satisfied with the output or if the cost exceeds the budget and scope of the project, the property owner is responsible for handling the legal and financial aspects of the project because he did not hire a contractor. Contractors are in charge of overseeing the project and are responsible in ensuring that plans are carried out correctly and that the output is what the property owner wants.

Heavy/Civil Construction

This type of construction is much larger in scope than building construction projects. This is essentially defined as adding an infrastructure to an already built and existing environment. These also deal with public properties, unlike building construction which works with privately owned properties. The public properties are usually owned by the national or local government but may also be owned by private corporations. Heavy or civil construction is usually done for the benefit of the public. The most common types of heavy or civil construction projects are building new roads, expanding highways or repairing roads.

Because these heavy constructions are larger in scope, they require a larger amount of planning and preparation. In these projects, construction managers and owners are required to accomplish a number of tasks such as notifying utility companies in the area of the construction before the construction begins, taking into consideration all government restrictions, health and safety regulations and mandates.

Industrial Construction

Industrial construction is the smallest sector of the construction industry but is also the largest in scope. These are usually for-profit projects by large corporations including those in medicine, petroleum, manufacturing, chemical, and power generation. Since these projects are some of the largest, they have to carefully adhere to all government regulations and laws. It is also mandatory for them to undergo extensive inspection processes; therefore, a lot of effort and time is put into the planning and preparation of projects under this type of construction.